Note that many LESEM Lab publications are freely available through Iowa State University's Digital Repository -- a good deal for all! Contact us if you want a pdf of one of our papers and cannot access it through the web.





  • Knoot, T.G., M.E. Shea, L.A. Schulte, J.C. Tyndall, M.D. Nelson, C.H. Perry, B.J. Palik. 2015. Forest change in the Driftless Area of the Midwest: from a preferred to undesirable future. Forest Ecology and Managment 341:110-120.
  • Larsen, GL.D., L.A. Schulte, J.C. Tyndall. 2015. How should Iowa's agricultural landscape look? Rootstalk 1:41-46.
  • Liebman, M., L.A. Schulte. 2015. Enhancing agroecosystem performance and resilience through increased diversification of landscapes and cropping systems. Elementa:
  • McGranahan, D., P.W. Brown, L.A. Schulte, J.C. Tyndall. 2015. Associating conservation/production patterns in U.S. farm policy with agricultural land-use in three Iowa, USA townships, 1933-2002. Land Use Policy 45:76-85.
  • Ontl, T.A., C.A. Cambardella, L.A. Schulte, R. K. Kolka. 2015. Factors influencing aggregation and particulate organic matter responses to bioenergy crops across a topographic gradient. Geoderma 255-256:1-11.


  • Anwar, U. 2014. Soil moisture patterns and hydraulic properties associated with alternative biomass cropping systems across a landscape gradient. MS Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. (pdf <2M)
  • Asbjornsen, H., V. Hernandez-Santana, M. Liebman, J. Bayala, J. Chen, M. Helmers, C.K. Ong, and L.A. Schulte. 2014. Targeting perennial vegetation in agricultural landscapes for enhancing ecosystem services. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 29:101-125.
  • Chennault, C.M. 2014.People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: visualizing ecosystem services tradeoffs in agricultural landscapes. MS Thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. 
  • Cox, R., M. O’Neal, R. Hessel, L.A. Schulte, M. Helmers. 2014. The impact of prairie strips on aphidophagous predator abundance and soybean aphid predation in agricultural catchments. Environmental Entomology 43:1185-1197. 
  • Enloe, S. 2014. Toward a collaborative model of surface water management: lessons from the Boone River watershed nutrient management initiative. MS Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. (pdf <2 M) 
  • Enloe, S., L.A. Schulte, J.C. Tyndall. 2014. Fostering collaborative watershed management: lessons learned from the Boone River Watershed, Iowa. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 69:149A-153A. 
  • Knoot, T.G., GL Drake Larsen, L.A. Schulte. 2014. So you need a social monitoring plan: now what? Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 69:84A-88A. 
  • Schulte Moore, L.A. 2014. Prairie strips: bringing biodiversity, improved soil quality, and soil protection to agriculture. Missouri Prairie Journal 35: 12-15.
  • Shea, M.E., L.A. Schulte, B.J. Palik. 2014. Reconstructing vegetation past: pre-Euro-American vegetation for the Midwest Driftless Area, USA. Ecological Restoration 32:417-433. 
  • Wilson, D.M., E.A. Heaton, L.A. Schulte, T.P. Gunther, M.E. Shea, R.B. Hall, W.L. Headlee, K.J. Moore, N.N. Boersma. 2014. Establishment and short-term productivity of annual and perennial bioenergy crops across a landscape gradient. BioEnergy Research 7:885-898. 


  • Enloe, S., L.A. Schulte, J. Tyndall. 2013. Toward strategic watershed management: lessons from the Boone River watershed program evaluation. Iowa State University, Ames, IA. 
  • Heaton, E.A., L.A. Schulte, M. Berti, H. Langeveld, W. Zegada-Lizarazu, D. Parrish, A. Monti. 2013. Managing a 2G crop portfolio through sustainable intensification: examples from the US and EU. Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining 7:702-714. 
  • Hirsh, S.M., C.M. Mabry, L.A. Schulte, M. Liebman. 2013. Diversifying agricultural catchments by incorporating prairie buffer strips. Ecological Restoration 31:201-211. 
  • Jordan, N., L.A. Schulte, C. Williams, D. Mulla, D. Pitt, C. Schively-Slotterback, R. Jackson, D. Landis, B. Dale, D. Becker, M. Rickenbach, M. Helmers, R. Bringi. 2013. Landlabs: an integrated approach to creating agricultural enterprises that meet the triple bottom line. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement 17:175-200.
  • Liebman, M.Z., M.J. Helmers, L.A. Schulte, C.A. Chase. 2013. Using biodiversity to link agricultural productivity with environmental quality: Results from three field experiments in Iowa. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 28:115-128. 
  • Manatt, R.K., A. Hallam, L.A. Schulte, E.A. Heaton, T. Gunther, R.B. Hall, K.J. Moore. 2013. Farm-scale costs and returns for second-generation bioenergy cropping systems in the U.S. Corn Belt. Environmental Research Letters 8:035037. 
  • McGranahan, D.A., P.W. Brown, L.A. Schulte, J. Tyndall. 2013. A historical primer on the U.S. farm bill: Supply management and conservation policy. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 68:67A-73A. 
  • Ontl, T.A. 2013 Soil carbon cycling and storage of bioenergy cropping systems across a heterogeneous agroecosystem. Ph.D. dissertation.  Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.
  • Ontl, T.A., K.S. Hofmockel, C.A. Cambardella, L.A. Schulte, R.K. Kolka. 2013. Topographic and soil influences on root productivity of three bioenergy cropping systems. New Phytologist 199: 727-737. 
  • Schulte, L.A., T.A. Ontl, GL D. Larsen. 2013. Biofuels and biodiversity, Wildlife habitat restoration. Pages 540-551 in Levin, S.A., editor. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd edition. Elsevier, London, UK.
  • Schulte Moore, L. 2013. Farm bill politics may prove devistating to the environment. Scientific American: online forum.
  • Shea, E.L. 2013. Ecological forestry to enhance stand complexity: songbird community response in a red pine (Pinus resinosa) forest. MS Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
  • Tyndall, J.C., L.A. Schulte, M. Liebman, M.J. Helmers. 2013. Field-level financial assessment of contour prairie strips for enhancement of environmental quality. Environmental Management 52:736-747.





  • Atwell, R.C., L.A. Schulte, L.M. Westphal. 2009. Landscape, community, and countryside: linking biophysical and social scales in U.S. Corn Belt conservation initiatives. Landscape Ecology 24:791-806. 
  • Dettman, C.L., C.M. McMullen, L.A. Schulte. 2009. Restoration of midwestern U.S. savannas: one size does not fit all. Restoration Ecology 17:772-783. 
  • Farnsworth, D.A. 2009. Establishing restoration baselines for the Loess Hills region. M.S. Thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. (pdf  3.8M)
  • Gass, R.J., M. Rickenbach, L.A. Schulte, and K. Zeuli. 2009. Cross-boundary coordination on forested landscapes: investigating alternatives for implementation. Environmental Management 43:107-117.
  • Knoot, T.G., L.A. Schulte, N. Grudens-Schuck, M. Rickenbach. 2009. The changing social landscape in the Midwest: a boon for forestry and bust for oak? Journal of Forestry 107:260-270. 
  • Lang, K.D., L.A. Schulte, G.R. Guntenspergen. 2009. Forest dynamics in mesic northern hardwoods following windthrow and salvage logging. Forest Ecology and Management 259:56-64.
  • Rayburn, A.P., L.A. Schulte. 2009. Integrating historic and contemporary data to delineate remnant natural areas within agricultural landscapes. Natural Areas Journal 24:4-14.
  • Rayburn, A.P., L.A. Schulte. 2009. Landscape change in an urbanizing U.S. Corn Belt watershed. Landscape and Urban Planning 93:132-141.






  • Bolliger, J., L.A. Schulte, S.N. Burrows, T.A. Sickley, D.J. Mladenoff. 2004. Assessing ecological restoration potentials of Wisconsin (USA) using historical landscape reconstructions. Restoration Ecology 12:124-142.


  • Schulte, L.A., T.C. Crow, J. Vissage, D.C. Cleland. 2003. Seventy years of forest change in the northern Great Lakes Region, USA. Pages 99-101 in Buse, L., and A. Perera, compilers. Forest Research Information Paper Number 155. Ontario Forest Research Institute, Sault Sainte Marie, ON, Canada.


  • Schulte, L.A. 2002. Northern Wisconsin forests: pattern and process on a historical landscape. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin – Madison. 
  • Schulte, L.A., D.J. Mladenoff, E.V. Nordheim. 2002. Quantitative classification of a historic northern Wisconsin landscape: mapping forests at regional scales. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:1616-1638.
  • Mladenoff, D.J., S.E. Dahir, E.V. Nordheim, L.A. Schulte, G.G. Guntenspergen. 2002. Narrowing historical uncertainty: probabilistic classification of ambiguously identified tree species in historical survey data. Ecosystems 5:539-553.
  • Schulte, L.A., D.J. Mladenoff, E.V. Nordheim. 2002. Quantitative classification of a historic northern Wisconsin landscape: mapping forests at regional scales. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:1616-1638. 


  • Schulte, L.A., D.J. Mladenoff. 2001. The original U.S. Public Land Survey records: their use and limitations in reconstruction pre-European settlement vegetation. Journal of Forestry 99:5-10.


  • Schulte, L.A., G.J. Niemi. 1998. Bird populations in burned and logged forests of Northeastern Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:1418-1429.


  • Schulte, L.A. 1996. Bird communities of early successional burned and logged forest in northeastern Minnesota. M.S. Thesis, University of Minnesota-Duluth.
  • Schulte, L.A., W.J. Barnes. 1996. Presettlement vegetation of the lower Chippewa River floodplain. The Michigan Botanist 35:29-37.